Buganda Kingdom, Facts, the Rise and Attractions
Visit the Buganda Kingdom in central Uganda – the Kabaka’s of Buganda, Buganda Palace – Buganda History.
A safari to Buganda is fantastic with it offering a wide range of activities for tourists. The subnational Kingdom is located in the central region of the country, extending in 26 districts. Its people are known as the Baganda who occupy the whole central region of the country harboring the capital city of Uganda, Kampala. The Baganda speak a language known as Luganda that is widely used in the country.
History of Buganda Kingdom and British Intrusion Explained in 10 Minutes
History of Buganda
Buganda, the largest of the medieval kingdoms in present-day Uganda, became an important and powerful state during the 19th century. Established in the late 14th century along the shore of Lake Victoria, it evolved around its founding Kabaka (king) Kintu, who came to the region from northeast Africa. Kintu, who arrived as the leader of multiple clans, conquered the area, defeating the last indigenous ruler, Bemba Musota, to establish his new state. Kintu, however, ordered the new clans to intermarry with the indigenous people creating the Buganda ethnic group.
The Baganda People: Africa’s Last Surviving Kingdom
Thirty-six kabakas or kings followed Kintu, who mysteriously disappeared after laying Buganda’s foundation. While in the early centuries the kings ruled at the mercy of the clan heads, by 1700 they gained more centralized authority over the kingdom. During the 16th century, Buganda began 300 years of territorial expansion, annexing or conquering a number of chiefdoms and expanding from three provinces to twelve by 1890. Buganda’s expansion came as a result of its military superiority over its neighbors.
The earliest inhabitant of this place is believed to have been the Bantu that migrated from the Congo basin, who live in the present-day Busiro, Kyadondo, and Mawokota. The origin of this great kingdom is not clear to historians however a number of theories have been put up.
Theories about the origin of the Buganda Kingdom
According to the oral tradition in Buganda the first Uganda ruler was Kaita-Kintu who is widely beloved to have come from the side of mountain Elgon, He passed through Bugishu, Budama, and Busoga finally to Buganda where he seized power from the clan headland crowned himself the head of all clans Ssaabataka. He is said to have come with thirteen or fourteen of the present-day clans of Buganda.
According to the tradition in Bunyoro, the founder of Buganda was Kato-Kimera who came from Bunyoro. He was believed to have been a twin brother to Rukidi Mpuga the founder of the boot dynasty in Bunyoro. It’s beloved that Kato Kimera curved Buganda from Bunyoro-Kitara kingdom which was on the collapse from Bunyoro. He is believed to have come with five to six present-day clans of Buganda.
Other traditions believed that Buganda originated from the Bantu clans that lived in the areas way back and others came from eastern Uganda. Other clans of Buganda are said to have come from the Ssese Islands.
The current ruler of the Buganda Kingdom is the King (Kabaka) His Majesty Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II who has been in leadership ever since the restoration of the Buganda Kingdom in 1993. The leader of the Buganda Government is known as the Katikiro who acts as the prime minister and the current one is Owek. Charles Peter Mayiga was appointed in 2013.
Attractions in Buganda Kingdom – where to visit while in Buganda
The Kabaka’s Palace ( Twekobe) – The Kabaka’s Palace was established by Kabaka Mwanga II and up to now, the Palace serves as the official residence of all the last 6 Kings of Buganda Kingdom. The word Twekobe – means come together in oneness for a cause, therefore the people of Buganda came together to construct a palace for the Kabaka on the Mengo Hill and it is in this Palace that the Buganda agreement was signed in 1900.
The Buganda Parliament (Bulange) – The Bulange was constructed during the colonial regime under the leadership of Kabaka Muteesa II with the purpose of acting as the parliament/Lukiiko of the Buganda Kingdom.
The Royal Mile – This is one of the places that will give a glimpse sight experience of the ancient architectural designs. The royal mile is a road that was constructed perfectly in a straight line to connect the Buganda parliament (Bulange) to the Twekobe the Kabaka’s Palace.
Nantaweta Monument – The monument is located in the center of the Royal Mile and is found on a wide roundabout that runs through the middle in a single, the road is only used by the Kabaka and the gate that is in the center is kept closed so as to limit and restrict it from the commoners.
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